Friday, November 28, 2014

Importance Of The Front Sight As A Navigator

By Ida Dorsey

Without their eyes, most people would be completely lost, they are a means of navigating the world visually and are vitally important for all living organisms. Seeing is essentially, and the eyes have evolved some clever front sight formation methods in order to give humans the best picture of their world. Without this helpful organ, people would truly be in the dark ages.

Eyes are believed by scientists to have evolved at about the same time as the first animals (during the Cambrian explosion) in one species and within a few million years had spread to most of the others. No other sense organ is more common among the animals, probably a measure of the eye's utility. With the eyes usefulness also comes it's vulnerability due to it being constructed of mostly soft tissue.

While evolution has led the human body to evolve different means of protection, these can be separated into three layers: the most outer layer is the skin eyelid that covers the eye and also waters it. The second layer is the membrane that surrounds the soft tissue of the eyeball. And the remaining layer is the cavity made of bone in which the eyeball resides. Such highly developed mechanisms are a clear indication that eyes should be well taken care of.

While the general functioning principle of the eye appears simple, human capacity has not gotten as far as creating a machine that can perform the role of the eye. The complexity of the eye lies in the fact that it is not merely a detector of light, but carries out all its functions by interacting with the brain in an intricate manner.

An astounding fact about this amazing organ is that, amongst all animals, there is an incredible amount of types of eyes. In fact, there are 10 individual kinds of eyes, believed to have evolved separately from one another. In connection with the previously mentioned utility of sight, the fact that multiple organisms evolved eyes independently confirms the evolutionary importance of eyesight.

The type of sight animals and organisms possess is suited to their evolutionary needs. While some microorganisms possess eyes powerful enough only to distinguish between light and dark, some birds are even capable of seeing UV. Humans, for instance, have a moderately good ability to detect depth, color and direction, while the mantis shrimp's hyper-spectral vision is believed to be the most intricate system of color vision there is.

The functioning principle behind a camera, telescope, microscope or any other light-focusing device is the same as the one in the human eye. Once light enters the iris, it is focused in the direction of a small patch of photosensitive cells. The iris can be expanded or shrunk to increase or limit the amount of light that enters the eye. While the initial stage does not differ, what follows afterwards is radically different and undeniably more complicated.

The previously described phenomenon is just one part of eyesight. While that one is relatively simple, it is what follows that baffles scientists till this day and yet has no explanation. How is it that the eye communicates with the brain in order to create an image from light-focused photons? Even if there is still no clear answer to this, one thing is well known: a world without sight would be a world without light, and to preserve the gift of eyesight, one must take extensive care of their eyes.

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